The documentation, conservation-restoration and excavation project in Bat (Oman)

The documentation, conservation-restoration and excavation project in Bat (Oman)

The Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum continued its association with Omani archaeology even after its research visits. This was the background to the expert opinion provided in 2002 at the invitation of the Ministry of Heritage and Culture of the Sultanate of Oman about the remarkable Chalcolithic and Bronze Age find complex of Bat near Ibri; the aim was to clarify measures for preserving this find site, which has considerable importance for Omani archaeology.

Between 1973 and 1985, a Danish expedition under Karen Frifelt had worked here – these excavations are among the first ever carried out in Oman, and occupy a key position today. Bat is one of the most thoroughly examined Bronze Age monuments of the Arabian Peninsula. Quite rightly, the Omani government registered this rare complex as a UNESCO World Heritage Site some years ago. Recognition as such, however, requires thorough documentation, research, and comprehensive conservation-restoration work. The planned conservation-restoration work will eventually turn this more than 4000-year-old site into a lasting monument and a tourist destination.


Relevant project

Studies on copper production in the Sultanate of Oman


Project manager

Jüregen Heckes

Prof. Dr. Gerd Weisgerber

Responsible body

Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum

Funding

Sultanat von Oman

Collaborators

Deutsch-Omanische Gesellschaft

Ministry of National Heritage and Culture of Oman

Duration

2004 - 2008



Publications

  • Hauptmann, Andreas. 5000 Jahre Kupfer in Oman. Der Anschnitt, Beiheft 4, Bochum: Deutsches Bergbau-Museum, 1985. Prange, M. ”5000 Jahre Kupfer in Oman 2. Vergleichende Untersuchungen des omanischen Kupfers mittels chemischer und isotopischer Analysenmethoden. ” Metalla 8 (2001): 7-126.
  • Prange M. K., Götze, H.-J., Hauptmann, A., Weisgerber, G. Is Oman the Ancient Magan? Analytical Studies of Copper from Oman. Young, Suzanne M.M./ Pollard, A. Mark/Budd, Paul/Ixer, Robert A. (Eds.): Metals in Antiquity. BAR International Series 792, Oxford 1999, 187-192.
  • Weisgerber, G. ”Evidence of Ancient Mining Sites in Oman: a Preliminary Report.” The Journal of Oman Studies. 4 (1978): 15-28, 13 Abb., Taf. 11a-26.
  • Weisgerber, G. ”...und Kupfer in Oman.” Der Anschnitt. 32 (1980): 62 110.
  • Weisgerber, G. ”Mehr als Kupfer in Oman.” Der Anschnitt 33 (1981): 174 263.
  • Weisgerber, G. ”Dilmun – A Trading Entrepot : Evidence from Historical and Archaeological Sources.” Ed. Shaikha Haya Ali Al Khalifa, and Michael Rice. Bahrain through the Ages, The Archaeology. London New York, Sydney: Henley, 1986: 135-42. Also in: Dilmun, Journal of the Bahrain Historical and Archaeological Society 12 (1984/85): 5-10. Weisgerber, G. "Archaeological Evidence of Copper Exploitation at "Arja". Journal of Oman Studies. 9, 1987, 145 172.
  • Weisgerber, G. ”Oman - A Bronze Producing Center During the 1st Half of the 1st Millennium BC.” Bronze-working Centers of Western Asia c. 1000 539 B.C. Ed. John Curtis. London: Keagan Paul Int., 1988. 285 95.
  • Weisgerber, G. ”Dokumentation montanarchäologischer Plätze am Beispiel von Hara Kilab in Oman Probleme und Lösungsansätze”. Festschrift W. Dostal. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 1993. 49 67.
  • Yule, Paul, and Gerd Weisgerber, The Metal Hoard from Ibri/Selme, Sultanate of Oman. Prähistorische Bronzefunde XX, 7. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2001.