Materials Science

As a museum with a primary focus on technology, we engage with material-related issues, and identify material-based solutions for the study and preservation of our cultural heritage. With its equipment, facilities and chemical-physical research methods, the Materials Science department performs targeted fundamental research, as well as applied research into the characterisation of materials and material properties, and in order to explain phenomena that cause damage.

We analyse materials at historic sites and monuments which have been damaged by environmental elements, also recording and quantifying the external impacts on materials and material surfaces. In addition, we examine material-specific reactions, alongside developing suitable detection methods. When analysing material found in archaeological excavations, our main focus is on the characterisation and the origin of the finds. The key areas of the Materials Science department therefore entail research, development and consulting activities.

The Materials Science department also focuses on material-based solutions for the preservation and study of our cultural heritage. We examine practically every inorganic material to establish their chemical, structural and physical composition, and choose suitable preparation processes and methods depending on the research issue and the qualities of the sample. This research department possesses a range of equipment particularly important for mining archaeology and archaeometallurgy projects.

We record environmental impacts and develop analytical procedures in order to evaluate the state of materials. The focus here is on methods for estimating the durability of materials in specific stress situations – especially when subject to environmental stresses such as constant freeze-thaw changes, substantial temperature fluctuations, salt contamination or excess moisture. In the case of material that has already been damaged, we test preserving agents, examining to what extent they have a stabilising effect and reduce further deterioration. We have already succeeded in delivering comprehensive object-based findings regarding coating systems for mineral and metallic materials ­– the most common materials found in the mining industry. There is also an increasingly urgent need to investigate other groups of materials, e.g. plastics and organic materials, which are present in various objects found in the Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum’s collections.

The entire spectrum of the analyses we perform, is also used by external clients. These include universities, non-university research institutions, companies and private individuals.

Materials Science
Research Projects
Materials Science
Team
Contacts
  • Bode, M./Rothenhöfer, P./Batanero, D. G.: Lost in the South: A Roman Copper Ingot from the area of Tarragona in the Baetica, in: Revista Onoba 6, 2018, S. 243-248.
  • Fischer, M. u. a.: The representation of corncobs at the Ethnologisches Museum in Berlin: a product of the art market?, in: Bulletin de l’Institut Français d‘Études Andines 46 (1), 2017, S. 91-305.
  • Parjanadze, T./Bode, M.: Roman Silver Objects from the Ancient Kingdom of Kartli (Caucasian Iberia) in Georgia (Mtskheta, Dedoplis Gora [Kareli]) – a Lead Isotope Investigation, in: Metalla, 23(2), 2017, S. 39-50. [peer-reviewed]
  • Reinecke, A./Xia, F./Bode, M.: China, Kambodscha, Vietnam: Bronzetrommeln aus Südostasien. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2017 und 2018, in: e-Forschungsberichte des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 2, 2018, S. 57-61.
  • Rothenhöfer, P./Bode, M.: Die Planii und ihre ökonomischen Aktivitäten im republikanischen Hispanien: Neue Forschungen, in: Madrider Mitteilungen 59, 2018, S. 327-342. [peer-reviewed]
  • Rothenhöfer, P./Bode, M./Hanel, N.: metallum Messallini – Results of an Interdisciplinary Research on a New Roman /// ANNEX Lead Ingot from the Danube Provinces, in: Metalla 24.1, 2018, S. 33-38. [peer-reviewed]
  • Vaelske, V./Bode, M.: Early Iron Age Copper Trails: First Results of a Pilot-study at Sidon, in: Archaeology & History of Lebanon 48-49, 2018/2019, S. 130-133.

The research department Material Sciences works together with the following institutions:

Cooperation- and Researchpartners

  • Archaeological Museum, Zagreb
  • Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Kommission für Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen
  • Elten GmbH
  • Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin, Studiengang Konservierung und Restaurierung / Grabungstechnik
  • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Archäologie
  • Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos“, Athen
  • Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España, Madrid
  • Istituto di Scienze Marine, Genova
  • Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Institut für Provinzialrömische Archäologie
  • LWL Industriemuseum, Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Industriekultur, Referat Technik und Restaurierung
  • Museum August Kestner, Hannover
  • Museum für antike Schifffahrt, München
  • Musikalische Akustik & Theorie der Musikübertragung, Erich-Thienhaus-Institut, Hochschule für Musik Detmold
  • Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, Hannover
  • Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz
  • Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Analytische Chemie
  • Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Photonik und Terahertztechnologie
  • Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Technik- und Umweltgeschichte
  • Technische Hochschule Georg Agricola, WB Elektro-/Informationstechnik und Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen
  • Technische Hochschule Nürnberg Georg Simon Ohm
  • Technische Hochschule Köln, Fakultät für Kulturwissenschaften, Institut für Restaurierungs- und Konservierungswissenschaft, Köln
  • The Jordan Museum Amman
  • UCL Qatar, Iron Age Arabian Metallurgy Project
  • Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Bellas Artes 
  • VARUSSCHLACHT im Osnabrücker Land gGmbH, Museum und Park Kalkriese

Universitäre Kooperationen

  • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Archäologie
  • Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Institut für Provinzialrömische Archäologie
  • Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Analytische Chemie
  • Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Photonik und Terahertztechnologie
  • Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Mineralogie und Petrologie
  • Technische Hochschule Georg Agricola zu Bochum, WB Elektro-/Informationstechnik und Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen
  • Technische Hochschule Köln, Fakultät für Kulturwissenschaften, Institut für Restaurierungs- und Konservierungswissenschaft, Köln
  • Tel Aviv University, Department of Archaeology and ANE Cultures
  • The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Archaeology
  • UCL Qatar, Iron Age Arabian Metallurgy Project
  • Università Ca‘ Foscari, Venedig
  • Venedig Université de Lille, Frankreich
  • Deutsches Archäologisches Institut
  • Deutsche Mineralogische Gesellschaft
  • Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker
  • Gesellschaft für Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie ARCHAEOMETRIE e. V.
  • International Council of Museums
  • METALLA, Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum

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