Mining and metallurgy in Anatolia

Statement of problem

In recent years one of the focuses of the DBM’s work has been “The beginnings of the use of metal in Anatolia”. The highly developed Neolithic cultures which emerged here were already using native copper, which they processed into small beads, towards the end of the 9th millennium BC. Clearly high-temperature processes in metallurgy, and probably also for other materials such as chalk and clay, had their origins in Anatolia. The crux of the problem is to find out how to distinguish artefacts made of native copper from those which were smelted from ores.

Objective

The aim of the research is to chart the beginnings and the development of metallurgy. The research focuses on the following questions: when did the use of metals begin? When was smelting used intentionally? How did metallurgy develop? What part did Anatolia play in the development of metallurgy in the ancient world? How did the transfer of technology function in prehistoric times?


Research projects

Beginnings and development of metallurgy and issues of provenance in Anatolia

Beginnings and development of metallurgy and issues of provenance in Anatolia

Since 2009 we have been working on a DFG-funded project on the early mining industry and early metallurgy in Anatolia.

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Prehistoric copper mining in Derekutuğun

Prehistoric copper mining in Derekutuğun

Discovery of one of the oldest mines in Anatolia
In the framework of a DFG-funded research project, we have been carrying out mining archaeology excavations in the copper deposits of Derekutuğun, in the province of Çorum, since 2009.

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conference-series-anatolian-metal

Conference series "Anatolian Metal"

Since 1998 the Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum has regularly organized the symposium series “Anatolian Metal”. In this series, findings from the museum’s research in Anatolia and neighbouring countries are presented to other scholars in the field. 

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Completed research projects

All that glitters is not gold: Research on early Bronze Age royal tombs of Alacahöyük

All that glitters is not gold: Research on early Bronze Age royal tombs of Alacahöyük

The Fritz Thyssen Foundation initially provided one year’s funding for an interdisciplinary research project aimed at the analysis and geochemical characterization of metal objects from Alacahöyük in central Anatolia.

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