Mining and metallurgy in Anatolia
Statement of problem
In recent years one of the focuses of the DBM’s work has been “The beginnings of the use of metal in Anatolia”. The highly developed Neolithic cultures which emerged here were already using native copper, which they processed into small beads, towards the end of the 9th millennium BC. Clearly high-temperature processes in metallurgy, and probably also for other materials such as chalk and clay, had their origins in Anatolia. The crux of the problem is to find out how to distinguish artefacts made of native copper from those which were smelted from ores.
The aim of the research is to chart the beginnings and the development of metallurgy. The research focuses on the following questions: when did the use of metals begin? When was smelting used intentionally? How did metallurgy develop? What part did Anatolia play in the development of metallurgy in the ancient world? How did the transfer of technology function in prehistoric times?
Since 2009 we have been working on a DFG-funded project on the early mining industry and early metallurgy in Anatolia.Read more
Completed research projects
The Fritz Thyssen Foundation initially provided one year’s funding for an interdisciplinary research project aimed at the analysis and geochemical characterization of metal objects from Alacahöyük in central Anatolia.Read more