Mining and politics

Mining and politics

Formation of stakeholder organizations and interest-driven politics, state and company social policy 1858 to 1933 – sub-project of the handbook on the history of German mining

Overall, the state of research on the history of German mining in the age of industrialization can be described as good. This applies particularly to the Ruhr, one of the most important coal districts in Germany at the time, and to its mining organizations. In comparison to this, developments in other mining regions in Germany have attracted considerably less specialist interest. A summary of these is still a desideratum for future research.

The aim of this sub-project is to produce a historical/critical overview of the organizations and interest-driven politics of the German mining industry. One focus will be the emergence and changing structures and functions of mining organizations within the network of relationships between the state, trade and industry, and the workforce; another will be social policy, a relevant area for interest-driven politics in mining. The research is based on the critical analysis of written sources in the records of the mining organizations, and also those of state agencies and individuals, found in various archives. The extensive holdings which the Bergbau-Archiv Bochum has acquired from different stakeholder organizations are of fundamental importance here. Numerous members of the mining industry have also published their own descriptions of events. The project findings will be published in volume 3 of the handbook on the history of German mining.