Project on the preservation of mining history evidence on the original site

The Malakoff towers of the Ruhr

During the industrialization of the Ruhr in the second half of the 19th century, the mining industry saw the emergence of a type of headframe which would come to have a special place among European monuments: the “Malakoff towers”. These monumental brick structures were superseded from 1875 onwards by steel headframes, and thus represent a type of structure whose development is complete. Of the numerous examples of these shaft towers, only 14 have been preserved in the Ruhr to the present day. With one exception, all the Malakoff towers are under heritage protection orders.

The Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum campaigns actively for the preservation of these historical mining artefacts on their original sites, helping the owners of monuments to find monument-specific concepts for their preservation and use.
The research activities of the Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum on the history of these shaft towers take on a new importance when it comes to finding new ways of using and maintaining them. The aim is to save as many of them as possible, taking into consideration their special heritage value.
At present the Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum is involved in conservation issues regarding the following Malakoff towers: Prosper II in Bottrop, Brockhauser Tiefbau in Bochum-Stiepel, and the former Hannover mine in Bochum-Hordel.

For further information please see the annual report 2012 of the Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum

Relevant Project

Project manager

Stefan Niederhagemann

Responsible body

Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum


2012 - 2014


  • Stefan Niederhagemann: Structural design, typical damages and reinstatement of the Malakoff Towers, in Brebbia C.A. (editor): Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XIII, Ashurst 2013.
  • Stefan Niederhagemann, Norbert Tempel: Malakowtürme im Ruhrgebiet - eine Bestandsaufnahme, in LWL (Hrsg.):Industriekultur 18. Jahrgang, 60. Heft, Ausgabe 3.12.